1895 – Elizabeth Cotten born. American blues and folk musician, singer, and songwriter. A self-taught left-handed guitarist, Cotten developed her own original style. Her approach involved using a right-handed guitar (usually in standard tuning), not re-strung for left-handed playing, essentially, holding a right-handed guitar upside down. This position required her to play the bass lines with her fingers and the melody with her thumb. Her signature alternating bass style has become known as “Cotten picking“.
1900 – Yves Tanguy born. French surrealist painter.
1923 – Sam Phillips born. American businessman, record executive, record producer and DJ who played an important role in the emergence of rock and roll as the major form of popular music in the 1950s.
He was a producer, label owner, and talent scout throughout the 1940s and 1950s. He most notably founded Sun Studios and Sun Records in Memphis, Tennessee. Through Sun, Phillips discovered such recording talent as Howlin’ Wolf, Carl Perkins, Jerry Lee Lewis and Johnny Cash. The height of his success culminated in his launching of Elvis Presley’s career in 1954.
He is also associated with several other noteworthy rhythm and blues and rock and roll stars of the period. Phillips sold Sun in 1969. He was an early investor in the Holiday Inn chain of hotels. He also advocated racial equality and helped break down racial music industry barriers.
1979 – Charles Mingus died. American jazz double bassist, composer and bandleader. Mingus’s compositions retained the hot and soulful feel of hard bop and drew heavily from black gospel music while sometimes drawing on elements of Third Stream, free jazz, and classical music. Yet Mingus avoided categorization, forging his own brand of music that fused tradition with unique and unexplored realms of jazz.
762 – Baghdad founded by caliph Al-Mansur.
1751 – Although official executions for Witchcraft was supposed to have ceased in England in 1682 [1722 in Scotland], a Mrs. Osborne on this day became the last known person to be killed as a result of a witch-trial, being given the water test [float and you’re guilty, sink and you’re innocent] until she drowned – so was thus presumably innocent.
1818 – Emily Brontë born. English novelist and poet, best remembered for her solitary novel, Wuthering Heights. Although it received mixed reviews when it first came out, and was often condemned for its portrayal of amoral passion, the book subsequently became an English literary classic. She published under the pen name Ellis Bell.
1958 – Kate Bush born , English singer-songwriter who’s first hit single was – coincidence or not – Wuthering Heights.
2003 – Sam Phillips died. American businessman, record executive, record producer and DJ who played an important role in the emergence of rock and roll in the 1950s. He was a producer, label owner, and talent scout throughout the 1940s and 1950s and founded Sun Studios and Sun Records in Memphis, Tennessee. Through Sun, Phillips discovered Howlin’ Wolf, Carl Perkins, Jerry Lee Lewis , Johnny Cash and Elvis Presley.
2007 – Ingmar Bergman died. Swedish director, writer and producer for film, stage and television. described by Woody Allen as “probably the greatest film artist, all things considered, since the invention of the motion picture camera,” Bergman is recognized as one of the most accomplished and influential film directors of all time.
7th of the 7th. When Culture recorded their classic “Two Sevens Clash” I think they were refering to 1977 rather than July 7th…but hell, any excuse to play it. One of my all-time favorites.
1456 – A retrial verdict acquits Jeanne d’Arc (Joan of Arc) of heresy… 25 years after her death.
1927 – Christopher Stone became the first disc jockey on British radio when he presented his Record Round-Up from Savoy Hill.
1930 – Arthur Conan Doyle died.
1946 – The BBC launched its first TV programme for children, the imaginatively titled For The Children.
1946 – Frances Xavier Cabrini became the first American to be canonized by the Roman Catholic church. She is the patron saint of immigrants (and was one herself, being born in Lombardy). Her feast day is November 13.
1954 – Elvis Presley made his radio debut when WHBQ Memphis played his first recording for Sun Records, “That’s All Right (Mama)”