1814 – Sheridan Le Fanu born. Irish writer of Gothic tales and mystery novels. He was the leading ghost-story writer of the nineteenth century and was central to the development of the genre in the Victorian era. Perhaps best remembered for Carmilla, a compelling tale of a lesbian vampire, set in central Europe. This story was to greatly influence Bram Stoker in the writing of Dracula and also inspired several films, including Hammer’s The Vampire Lovers and Roger Vadim’s Blood and Roses .
1833 – The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 received Royal Assent, abolishing slavery through most the British Empire.
1906 – John Betjeman born. English poet, writer and broadcaster. He was a founding member of the Victorian Society and a passionate defender of Victorian architecture. Starting his career as a journalist, he ended it as one of the most popular British Poets Laureate to date.
1942 – Sterling Morrison born. Guitarist with The Velvet Underground.
1955 – Black teenager Emmett Till murdered in Mississippi, aged 14, after reportedly flirting with a white woman , an event that galvanized the nascent American Civil Rights Movement.
Till was from Chicago, Illinois, visiting his relatives in the Mississippi Delta region when he spoke to 21-year-old Carolyn Bryant, the married proprietor of a small grocery store. Several nights later, Bryant’s husband Roy and his half-brother J. W. Milam arrived at Till’s great-uncle’s house where they took Till, transported him to a barn, beat him and gouged out one of his eyes, before shooting him through the head and disposing of his body in the Tallahatchie River.
well, now you can count them one by one
and you can count them two by two,
well, into-the-river-they-go, into-the-river-they-go,
now you can count them five by five,
now you can count them six by six
now you can count them seven by seven,
now you can count them eight by eight,
now you can count them Nine by Nine
and Mississippi this a no Crime
you can count them Ten by Ten
and you would wonder when the right win