Tag Archives: Eddystone Lighthouse

Almanac – December 02

1755 – The second Eddystone Lighthouse was destroyed by fire.

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1814 – Marquis de Sade died. Donatien Alphonse François, a French aristocrat, revolutionary politician, philosopher and writer, famous for his libertine sexuality and lifestyle. His works include novels, short stories, plays, dialogues and political tracts; in his lifetime some were published under his own name, while others appeared anonymously and Sade denied being their author.

He is best known for his erotic works, which combined philosophical discourse with pornography, depicting sexual fantasies with an emphasis on violence, criminality and blasphemy against the Catholic Church. He was a proponent of extreme freedom, unrestrained by morality, religion or law. The words “sadism” and “sadist” are derived from his name. He was incarcerated in various prisons and in an insane asylum for about 32 years of his life.

He had left instructions in his will forbidding that his body be opened for any reason whatsoever, and that it remain untouched for 48 hours in the chamber in which he died, and then placed in a coffin and buried on his property located in Malmaison near Épernon. His skull was later removed from the grave for phrenological examination. His son had all his remaining unpublished manuscripts burned, including the immense multi-volume work Les Journées de Florbelle.

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1859 – Militant abolitionist leader John Brown  hanged for his October 16th raid on Harper’s Ferry. Brown’s actions prior to the Civil War as an abolitionist, and the tactics he chose, still make him a controversial figure today – he is sometimes memorialized as a heroic martyr and a visionary and sometimes vilified as a madman and a terrorist. Historians debate whether he was America’s first domestic terrorist.

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1898 – Indra Lal Roy born. The first Indian flying ace. He served in the First World War with the Royal Flying Corps and its successor, the Royal Air Force. He claimed five aircraft destroyed (including one shared), and five ‘down out of control’ wins (including another shared) in just over 170 hours flying time.

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Almanac – November 27

1703 – The first Eddystone Lighthouse was destroyed in the Great Storm of 1703.

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1940 – Bruce Lee born. Actor, martial arts instructor,  philosopher, and filmmaker.  Lee was the son of Cantonese opera star Lee Hoi-Chuen. He is widely considered by commentators, critics, media and other martial artists to be one of the most influential martial artists of all time,  and a pop culture icon of the 20th century.He is often credited with helping to change the way Asians were presented in American films.

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1942 – Jimi Hendrix born. American musician, singer and songwriter. Despite a limited mainstream exposure of four years, he is widely considered to have been the greatest electric guitarist in the history of popular music, and one of the most important musicians of the 20th century.

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1953 – Eugene O’Neill died. American playwright and Nobel laureate in Literature. His  plays were among the first to introduce into American drama techniques of realism earlier associated with Russian playwright Anton Chekhov, Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen, and Swedish playwright August Strindberg and among the first to include speeches in American vernacular and involve characters on the fringes of society, where they struggle to maintain their hopes and aspirations, but ultimately slide into disillusionment and despair.

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1981 – Lotte Lenya died. Austrian singer, diseuse, and actress. In the German-speaking and classical music world she is best remembered for her performances of the songs of her husband, Kurt Weill. In English-language film she is remembered for her Academy Award-nominated role in The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone (1961) and as the sadistic and vengeful Rosa Klebb in the James Bond movie From Russia with Love (1963).

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1998 – Barbara Acklin died. American soul singer and songwriter who was most successful in the 1960s and 1970s. Her biggest hit as a singer was “Love Makes a Woman” in 1968. As a songwriter, she is best known for co-writing “Have You Seen Her” with Eugene Record, lead singer of the Chi-Lites.

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