Tag Archives: Caligula

Almanac – January 24

41 – Roman Emperor Caligula assassinated by his  Praetorian Guards, who then proclaimed Caligula’s uncle Claudius as Emperor.

There are few surviving sources on Caligula’s reign, although he is described as a noble and moderate ruler during the first two years of his rule. After this, the sources focus upon his cruelty, extravagance, and sexual perversity, presenting him as an insane tyrant.

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76 – Hadrian born.  Roman Emperor from 117 to 138,  best known for building Hadrian’s Wall, which marked the northern limit of Roman Britain.

In Rome, he re-built the Pantheon and constructed the Temple of Venus and Roma. In addition to being emperor, Hadrian was a humanist and was philhellene in most of his tastes. He was the third of the so-called Five Good Emperors.

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1947 – Warren Zevon born. American rock singer-songwriter and musician. He was known for the dark and somewhat bizarre sense of humor in his lyrics.

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1986 – L. Ron Hubbard died.  American pulp fiction author and the founder of the Church of Scientology. After establishing a career as a writer, becoming best known for his science fiction and fantasy stories, he developed a self-help system called Dianetics which was first published in May 1950.

He subsequently developed his ideas into a wide-ranging set of doctrines and rituals as part of a new religious movement that he called Scientology. His writings became the guiding texts for the Church of Scientology and a number of affiliated organizations that address such diverse topics as business administration, literacy and drug rehabilitation.

He suffered a stroke on January 17, 1986, and died a week later.His body was cremated following an autopsy and the ashes were scattered at sea.

Scientology leaders announced that his body had become an impediment to his work and that he had decided to “drop his body” to continue his research on another planet, having “learned how to do it without a body.”

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Almanac – August 31

12 – Caligula born.

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1810 – Eliza Hancock, while gleaning in a field in the parish of Box, near Bath, was accused of stealing wheat from the sheaves, which she denied, and wished she might be struck dead if she had.

She was found dead in the field about two hours after.

The Stamford News, 1810

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1867 – Charles Baudelaire died.  French poet who produced notable work as an essayist, art critic, and pioneering translator of Edgar Allan Poe. His most famous work, Les Fleurs du mal (The Flowers of Evil), expresses the changing nature of beauty in modern, industrializing Paris during the 19th century.

Baudelaire’s highly original style of prose-poetry influenced a whole generation of poets including Paul Verlaine, Arthur Rimbaud and Stéphane Mallarmé among many others. He is credited with coining the term “modernity” (modernité) to designate the fleeting, ephemeral experience of life in an urban metropolis, and the responsibility art has to capture that experience.

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1888 – Mary Ann “Polly”  Nichols murdered. Generally considered the first victim of Jack The Ripper.

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1928 – The Threepenny Opera, by Kurt Weill and Bertolt Brecht, had its premier in Berlin.

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