1587 – The first child of English parents to be born in the American colonies, a girl named Virginia Dare.
1634 – Urbain Grandier, Catholic priest, accused and convicted of sorcery, was burned alive in Loudun, France, following the events of the so-called “Loudun Possessions.”
In 1632, a group of nuns from the local Ursuline convent had accused him of having bewitched them, sending the demon Asmodai, among others, to commit evil and impudent acts with them.
1685 – In the wake of the failed Monmouth Rebellion, Judge Jeffreys began sentencing people to death at what became known as the Bloody Assizes.
1958 – Vladimir Nabokov‘s controversial novel Lolita published in the United States.
1977 – Steve Biko was arrested at a police roadblock under the Terrorism Act No 83 of 1967 in King William’s Town, South Africa. He would later die of the injuries sustained during this arrest, bringing attention to South Africa’s apartheid policies.
1685 – The Battle of Sedgemoor, Somerset – the last battle on English soil and the end of the Monmouth Rebellion.
It followed a series of skirmishes around south west England between the forces of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth and the crown he was trying to take. The royalist forces prevailed and about 500 rebel troops were captured. Monmouth escaped from the battlefield but was later captured and taken to London for trial and execution. Many of Monmouth’s supporters were tried during the Bloody Assizes.
1887 – David Kalakaua, monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii, was forced at gunpoint, at the hands of the Americans, to sign the Bayonet Constitution giving Americans more power in Hawaii while stripping Hawaiian citizens of their rights.
The Kingdom of Hawaii had been established in 1810 — after a 15-year war to subjugate the smaller chiefdoms of Oahu, Maui, Molokai, Lāai, Kauai and Niihau — by the chiefdom of Hawaii, the “Big Island.” One unified government operated until its overthrow in 1894.
The overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii and the subsequent annexation by the USA has been cited as the first major instance of American imperialism.
1892 – Dadabhai Naoroji was elected as the first Indian Member of Parliament in Britain, as the Liberal MP for Finsbury Central (London).
1957 – Althea Gibson became the first black player to win a Wimbledon tennis singles title.
1957 – John Lennon and Paul McCartney were introduced to each other when Lennon’s band the Quarrymen performs at the St. Peter’s Church Hall fête in Woolton, Liverpool.