1290 – King Edward I of England issues the Edict of Expulsion, banishing all Jews (numbering about 16,000) from England;.
1652 – On this day, according to the trial records of York Castle, Mary Fisher of Selby “did openly in the parish church speak unto Richard Calvert, minister there, being in the pulpit and preaching, these words: “Come down, come down, thou Painted Beast, come down. Thou art but an hireling, and deludest the people with thy lyes”.
1925 – Adolf Hitler‘s Mein Kampf published.
1929 – Screamin’ Jay Hawkins, American singer, born.
1937 – Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author, born. Thompson became a counter cultural figure as the creator of Gonzo journalism, an experimental style of reporting where reporters involve themselves in the action to such a degree that they become central figures of their stories.
1988 – Nico died. German singer, lyricist, composer, musician, fashion model, and actress, who initially rose to fame as a Warhol Superstar in the 1960s. She is known for both her vocal collaboration on The Velvet Underground‘s debut album, The Velvet Underground & Nico (1967), and her work as a solo artist from the late 1960s through the early 1980s. She also had roles in several films, including a cameo in Federico Fellini’s La Dolce Vita (1960) and Andy Warhol’s Chelsea Girls (1966), as herself. Nico died in July 1988, as a result of injuries sustained in a cycling accident while vacationing in Ibiza.
1992 – It was announced that Uppingham, the Leicestershire public school, was to stop mourning Queen Victoria. The boys had worn black ties since 1901.
“They look like trainee undertakers,” said the headmaster, “It was never meant to be a tradition. Its just that nobody ever made the decision to change back.”
To change back to what, was the question. No-one knew what the original colours had been, and pre-1901 photographs were, of course, in black & white. It was decided to go with Silver and Prussian Blue.