1184 BC – Traditional date of the fall of Troy.
1932 – Benny Rothman led the mass trespass of Kinder Scout, leading to substantial legal reforms in the United Kingdom.
It was undertaken at Kinder Scout, in the Peak District of Derbyshire, England, to highlight that walkers in England and Wales were denied access to areas of open country.
The trespass proceeded via William Clough to the plateau of Kinder Scout, where there were violent scuffles with gamekeepers. The ramblers were able to reach their destination and meet with another group.
On the return, five ramblers were arrested, with another detained earlier. Trespass was not, and still is not, a criminal offence in any part of Britain, but some would receive jail sentences of two to six months for offences relating to violence against the keepers.
The mass trespass marked the beginning of a media campaign by The Ramblers Association, culminating in the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000, which legislates rights to walk on mapped access land.
Poet and folk singer Ewan MacColl celebrated these events in his song “The Manchester Rambler”.
1967 – Cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov died in Soyuz 1 when its re-entry parachute failed to open.
He was officially the first human to die during a space mission…although it’s probable that there were earlier deaths that were covered up.
2009 – John Michell died. English writer whose key sources of inspiration were Plato and Charles Fort.
His 1969 volume The View Over Atlantis has been described as probably the most influential book in the history of the hippy/underground movement and one that had far-reaching effects on the study of strange phenomena: it “put ley lines on the map, re-enchanted the British landscape and made Glastonbury the capital of the New Age.”
In some 40-odd titles over five decades he examined, often in pioneering style, such topics as sacred geometry, earth mysteries, geomancy, gematria, archaeoastronomy, metrology, euphonics, simulacra and sacred sites, as well as Fortean phenomena.