Almanac – February 11

1858 – Fourteen-year old Bernadette Soubirous, collecting firewood near Lourdes, saw a “beautiful lady” in the mouth of a grotto across a millstream.

It was the first of of 18 visions that led Bernadette to a hidden spring in the grotto. Pilgrims began taking bottles of the spring water, claiming curative properties, and the rest is history.



1948 – Sergei Eisenstein died. Pioneering Soviet Russian film director and film theorist, often considered to be the “Father of Montage“.

He is noted in particular for his silent films Strike (1924), Battleship Potemkin (1925) and October (1927), as well as the historical epics Alexander Nevsky (1938) and Ivan the Terrible (1944, 1958).



1963 – Sylvia Plath died. American poet, novelist and short story writer.



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