Almanac – February 10

1355 – A dispute between students and townsfolk in Oxford escalated into a three-day riot in which 63 students were killed.

It was apparently sparked by a complaint about the quality of wine served to a group of students at the Swindlestock Tavern and fuelled by existing tension between town and gown.

On the 10th of February… a dire conflict took place between the students of the University of Oxford and the citizens.The contest continued three days.

On the second evening, the townsfolk called into their assistance the country people; and thus reinforced, completely overpowered the scholars, of whom numbers were killed and wounded.

The citizens were, consequently, debarred the rites and consolations of the church; their privileges were greatly narrowed; they were heavily fined; and an annual penance for ever was enjoined that on each anniversary of St Scholastica, the mayor and 62 citizens attend at St Mary;s Church, where the Litany should be read at the altar, and an oblation of one penny made by each man.”

Chambers Book Of Days, 1864


1906 – Lon Chaney Jr. born. American actor known for playing such characters as The Wolf Man, The Mummy, Frankenstein’s Monster and Count Alucard for Universal. He is also notable for portraying Lennie Small in Of Mice and Men.



1920Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performed a  symbolic wedding of Poland to The Sea, celebrating the restitution of Polish access to the Baltic Sea that was lost in 1793 by the Partitions of Poland. The vows were renewed at another ceremony in 1945.

In the ceremonies, a military flag was dipped into the sea, while the commander cast in a ring. The speeches on these occasions emphasized the importance of access to the sea for the economic development of Poland.



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