Almanac – December 21

In the Northern Hemisphere, meteorological Winter starts on December 21. In the Southern Hemisphere, meteorological Summer.

1844 – The Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers commences business at its cooperative in Rochdale, England, United Kingdom starting the Cooperative movement.

1940 – Frank Zappa born. American composer, singer-songwriter, guitarist, recording engineer, record producer and film director. In a career spanning more than 30 years, Zappa wrote rock, jazz, orchestral and musique concrète works, and also directed feature-length films and music videos, and designed album covers. Zappa produced almost all of the more than 60 albums he released with The Mothers of Invention and as a solo artist.



1942 – Carla Thomas born. American singer,  often referred to as the Queen of Memphis Soul. She is the daughter of Rufus Thomas, and also is responsible for one of my favorite christmas-themed records…



1953 – Betty Wright born. Miami-based soul and R&B singer-songwriter, who won fame in the 1970s with hits such as “Clean Up Woman” and “Tonight Is the Night“. A pioneering singer-songwriter and entrepreneur, she remains one of the few black female musicians to have a gold record on her own vanity label.




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