Almanac – November 13

1850 – Robert Louis Stevenson born. Scottish novelist, poet, essayist, and travel writer. His most famous works are Treasure Island, Kidnapped, and Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. A literary celebrity during his lifetime, Stevenson now ranks among the 26 most translated authors in the world.



1887 – Clashes took place between police and demonstraters in Trafalgar Square, London, at a meeting called to protest against a ban on open-air meetings and to call for the release of an Irish MP who had been supporting a rent strike.
Two demonstraters were killed on what became known as Bloody Sunday.



1956 – The US Supreme Court ruled that bus segregation in Montgomery and all of Alabama was illeagal.



1963 – Margaret Murray died.  British Egyptologist and anthropologist. Primarily known for her work in Egyptology, she is also known for her propagation of the Witch-cult hypothesis, the theory that the witch trials in the Early Modern period of Christianized Europe and North America were an attempt to extinguish a surviving pre-Christian, pagan religion devoted to a Horned God.

Whilst this theory is today widely disputed and discredited by historians like Norman Cohn, Keith Thomas and Ronald Hutton, it has had a significant effect in the origins of Neopagan religions, primarily Wicca, a faith she supported.

One of the earliest women to make a serious impact upon the world of professional scholarship,  she was also an ardent feminist, being actively involved in the Suffragette movement. From 1953 to 1955, she was the president of the Folklore Society.

She died of natural causes, aged 100.




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