Almanac – November 06

1814 – Adolphe Sax born. Belgian musical instrument designer and musician who played the flute and clarinet, and is best known for having invented the saxophone.

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1938 – P.J. Proby born.   American singer, songwriter, and actor.

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1965 – Edgard Varèse died.     French-born composer who spent the greater part of his career in the United States.

Varèse’s music emphasizes timbre and rhythm. He was the inventor of the term “organized sound”, a phrase meaning that certain timbres and rhythms can be grouped together, sublimating into a whole new definition of music.

Although his complete surviving works only last about three hours, he has been recognised as an influence by several major composers of the late 20th century. His use of new instruments and electronic resources led to his being known as the “Father of Electronic Music” while Henry Miller described him as “The stratospheric Colossus of Sound”.

One of Varèse’s biggest fans was   Frank Zappa, who, upon hearing a copy of The Complete Works of Edgard Varèse, Vol. 1  became obsessed with the composer’s music.

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