Almanac – November 05

GUY FAWKES NIGHT / BONFIRE NIGHT

1605 – Gunpowder Plot: A conspiracy led by Robert Catesby to blow up the English Houses of Parliament was thwarted when Sir Thomas Knyvet, a justice of the peace, found Guy Fawkes in a cellar below the House of Lords.

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1855 – Eugene Debs born. American union leader, one of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW or the Wobblies), and several times the candidate of the Socialist Party of America for President of the United States.

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1916 – The Everett Massacre took place in Everett, Washington as political differences led to a shoot-out between the Industrial Workers of the World organizers and local police.

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1931 – Ike Turner born.  American musician, bandleader, songwriter, arranger, talent scout, and record producer. In a career that lasted more than half a century, his repertoire included blues, soul, rock, and funk. He is most popularly known for his 1960s work with his then wife Tina Turner in the Ike & Tina Turner Revue.

 His first recording, “Rocket 88” with the Kings of Rhythm credited as “Jackie Brenston and his Delta Cats”, in 1951, is considered a possible contender for “first rock and roll song”.

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2005 – Link Wray died.  American rock and roll guitarist, songwriter and occasional singer. Building on the overdriven, distorted electric guitar sound of early electric blues records, his 1958 instrumental hit “Rumble” by Link Wray and his Ray Men introduced “the power chord, the major modus operandi of modern rock guitarists,”  making possible “punk and heavy rock.” Rolling Stone placed Wray at number 45 of the 100 greatest guitarists of all time.

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