Almanac – November 01

HALLOWTIDE.
An old Scottish proverb has it that when Hallowtide falls on a Wednesday ‘…the men of all the Earth will be under affliction.’

1762 – Spencer Perceval born. The only British Prime Minister to have been assassinated [so far].

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1889 – Hannah Höch born.  German Dada artist. She is best known for her work of the Weimar period, when she was one of the originators of photomontage.

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1907 – Alfred Jarry died. French writer. Best known for his play Ubu Roi (1896), which is often cited as a forerunner to the surrealist theatre of the 1920s and 1930s, Jarry wrote in a variety of genres and styles – plays, novels, poetry, essays and speculative journalism. He died  of tuberculosis, aggravated by drug and alcohol use. It is recorded that his last request was for a toothpick.

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1918 – Banat Republic founded. a short-lived state proclaimed in Timişoara on November 1, 1918, the day after the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Recognized only by Hungary, the republic was invaded by the army of neighboring Serbia on November 15. The next year, its territory was divided primarily between Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and Romania.

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1922 – The last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI, abdicated.

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