Almanac – October 26

 

899 – Alfred the Great died. King of Wessex from 871 to 899,  Alfred successfully defended his kingdom against  Viking attempst at conquest, and by his death had become the dominant ruler in England. He is the only English monarch to be accorded the epithet “the Great”.

.

.

1440 – Gilles de Rais died. Gilles de Montmorency-Laval (1404–1440), Baron de Rais, was a Breton knight, a leader in the French army and a companion-in-arms of Joan of Arc. He is best known, however, for  his reputation and conviction as a prolific serial killer of children.

.

.

1764 – William Hogarth died. English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic and editorial cartoonist who has been credited with pioneering western sequential art. His work ranged from realistic portraiture to comic strip-like series of pictures called “modern moral subjects”. Knowledge of his work is so pervasive that satirical political illustrations in this style are often referred to as “Hogarthian.”


.

.

1881 – The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral took place at Tombstone, Arizona, at about 3:00 p.m. Generally regarded as the most famous gunfight in the history of the American Old West, the gunfight, believed to have lasted only about thirty seconds, was fought between the outlaw cowboys Billy Clanton, Tom McLaury and his brother Frank McLaury, and the opposing lawmen Virgil Earp and his brothers Morgan and Wyatt Earp, aided by Doc Holliday acting as a temporary deputy of Virgil.

Cowboys Ike Clanton and Billy Claiborne ran from the fight unharmed, but Ike’s brother Billy Clanton was killed, along with both McLaurys. Lawmen Holliday and Morgan and Virgil Earp were wounded. Only Wyatt Earp came through the fight unharmed.

The fight has come to represent a time in American history when the frontier was open range for outlaws opposed by law enforcement that was spread thin over vast territories, leaving some areas unprotected.

.

1911 – Mahalia Jackson born. American gospel singer. Possessing a powerful contralto voice, and known  as “The Queen of Gospel”,  Jackson became one of the most influential gospel singers in the world and was heralded internationally as a singer and civil rights activist. She was described by entertainer Harry Belafonte as “the single most powerful black woman in the United States”. She recorded about 30 albums (mostly for Columbia Records) during her career, and her 45 rpm records included a dozen  million-sellers.
“I sing God’s music because it makes me feel free,” Jackson once said about her choice of gospel, adding, “It gives me hope. With the blues, when you finish, you still have the blues.”

.

.

1977 – The last natural case of smallpox was discovered in Merca district, Somalia. The WHO and the CDC consider this date the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox, the most spectacular success of vaccination.

.

1985 – The Australian government returned ownership of Uluru to the local Pitjantjatjara Aborigines.

Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Almanac

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s