Almanac – October 24

1857 – Sheffield F.C., the world’s first football club, was founded in Sheffield, England

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1901 – Annie Edson Taylor became the first person to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel and survive…on her 63rd birthday !

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1926 – Harry Houdini‘s last performance, at the Garrick Theatre in Detroit, Michigan

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1946 – A camera on board the V-2 No. 13 rocket took the first photograph of Earth from outer space. The rocket reached a maximum altitude of 107.5 miles (173 km), well above the commonly accepted boundary of space at 100 kilometres.

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1947 – Walt Disney testified to the House Un-American Activities Committee, naming Disney employees he believed to be communists.

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2005 – Rosa Parks died. African-American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress called “the first lady of civil rights”, and “the mother of the freedom movement”
On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake’s order that she give up her seat in the colored section to a white passenger, after the white section was filled.

Parks was not the first person to resist bus segregation, others had taken similar steps in the twentieth century, including Irene Morgan in 1946, Sarah Louise Keys in 1955, and Claudette Colvin nine months before Parks, but NAACP organizers believed that Parks was the best candidate for seeing through a court challenge after her arrest for civil disobedience.

Her act of defiance and the Montgomery Bus Boycott became important symbols of the modern Civil Rights Movement, and she became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation.

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