Almanac – October 22

1797 – One thousand meters above Paris, André-Jacques Garnerin made the first recorded parachute jump (from a hot air balloon).

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1844 – The Great Anticipation:  Millerites, followers of William Miller, anticipated the end of the world in conjunction with the Second Advent of Christ. The following day became known as the Great Disappointment.

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1844 – Sarah Bernhardt born.  French stage and early film actress, who has been referred to as “the most famous actress the world has ever known”.  Bernhardt earned fame on the stages of France in the 1870s, and was soon in demand in Europe and the Americas, and developed a reputation as a serious dramatic actress.

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1887 –  The New Zealand Herald reported that lightning hit a woodpile as farmer Amos Briggs went to chase away cats fighting on it.
The logs were scattered, the cats killed, his left boot burst and his left trouser leg ripped from top to bottom.
His wife fainted when she saw him: ‘Oh Amos, the Devil’s set his mark on you !’  In the mirror he saw the silhouette of a cat etched on his bald head
It faded overnight and by the next noon had disappeared.

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1920 – Timothy Leary born. American psychologist and writer, known for his advocacy of psychedelic drugs. During a time when drugs such as LSD and psilocybin were legal, Leary conducted experiments at Harvard University under the Harvard Psilocybin Project, resulting in the Concord Prison Experiment and the Marsh Chapel Experiment. Both studies produced useful data, but Leary and his associate Richard Alpert were fired from the university.

Leary believed LSD showed therapeutic potential for use in psychiatry. He popularized catchphrases that promoted his philosophy, such as “turn on, tune in, drop out”, “set and setting”, and “think for yourself and question authority”. He also wrote and spoke frequently about transhumanist concepts involving space migration, intelligence increase and life extension (SMI²LE), and he developed the eight-circuit model of consciousness in his book Exo-Psychology (1977).
During the 1960s and 1970s, Leary was arrested regularly and was held captive in 29 different prisons throughout the world. President Richard Nixon once described him as “the most dangerous man in America”.

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1966 – The Supremes become the first all-female music group to attain an American No. 1 selling album (The Supremes A’ Go-Go).

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