Almanac – October 07

1763George III of Great Britain issued a British Royal Proclamation closing aboriginal lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlements.

Wonder how that worked out ?

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1849 – Edgar Allan Poe, American writer and poet died. On October 3, Poe was found delirious on the streets of Baltimore, Maryland, “in great distress, and … in need of immediate assistance”, according to the man who found him.  He was taken to the Washington College Hospital, where he died at 5 a.m. on Sunday, October 7. Poe was never coherent enough to explain how he came to be in this condition, though theories include suicide, murder, cholera, rabies, syphilis and influenza.

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1879 – Joe Hill born. Swedish-American labor activist, songwriter, and member of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW, also known as the “Wobblies”).  Hill, as an immigrant worker frequently facing unemployment and underemployment, became a popular song writer and cartoonist for the radical union. His most famous songs include “The Preacher and the Slave”, “The Tramp”, “There is Power in a Union”, “The Rebel Girl”, and “Casey Jones—the Union Scab”, which generally express the harsh, combative life of itinerant workers, and the perceived necessity of organizing to improve conditions for working people.

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1944 – Uprising at Birkenau concentration camp. Jewish Sonderkommandos (those inmates kept separate from the main camp and put to work in the gas chambers and crematoria) of Birkenau Kommando III staged an uprising. They attacked the SS with makeshift weapons: stones, axes, hammers, other work tools and homemade grenades. They caught the SS guards by surprise, overpowered them and blew up  Crematorium IV, using explosives smuggled in from a weapons factory by female inmates. At this stage they were joined by the Birkenau Kommando I of  Crematorium II, which also overpowered their guards and broke out of the compound. Hundreds of prisoners escaped, but were all soon captured and, along with an additional group who participated in the revolt, executed.

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1959 – Soviet probe Luna 3 transmited the first ever photographs of the far side of the Moon.

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1992 – Death of Tevfik Esenç, last known speaker of Ubykh ( or Ubyx)  –  a language of the Northwestern Caucasian group, spoken by the Ubykh people (who originally lived along the eastern coast of the Black Sea before migrating en masse to Turkey in the 1860s).

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