Almanac – September 23

Celebrate Bisexuality Day

A call for the bisexual community, their friends and supporters to recognize and celebrate bisexuality, bisexual history, bisexual community and culture, and all the bisexual and otherwise non-monosexual people in their lives. First observed in 1999.

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1215 – Kublai Khan born. The fifth Khagan (Great Khan) of the Ikh Mongol Uls (Mongol Empire), reigning from 1260 to 1294, and the founder of the Yuan Dynasty in China.

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1241 – Snorri Sturluson died. Icelandic historian, poet, and politician, and  the author of the Prose Edda or Younger Edda. As an historian and mythographer, he is remarkable for proposing the theory (in the Prose Edda) that mythological gods begin as human war leaders and kings whose funeral sites develop cults .

As people call upon the dead war leader as they go to battle, or the dead king as they face tribal hardship, they begin to venerate the figure. Eventually, the king or warrior is remembered only as a god. He also proposed that as tribes defeat others, they explain their victory by proposing that their own gods were in battle with the gods of the others.

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1926 – John Coltrane born.  American jazz saxophonist and composer. Working in the bebop and hard bop idioms early in his career, Coltrane helped pioneer the use of modes in jazz and later was at the forefront of free jazz.

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1930 – Ray Charles born.  American musician. a pioneer in the genre of soul music during the 1950s by fusing rhythm and blues, gospel, and blues styles into his early recordings with Atlantic Records. He also helped racially integrate country and pop music during the 1960s with his crossover success on ABC Records, most notably with his Modern Sounds albums.  While with ABC, Charles became one of the first African-American musicians to be given artistic control by a mainstream record company.

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2002 – The first public version of the web browser Mozilla Firefox (“Phoenix 0.1”)  released.

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