Almanac – September 21

1792 – France. The National convention voted to abolish the monarchy and declare France a republic.


1809 – UK foreign minister George Canning and war minister Viscount Castlereagh attempted to resolve a political disagreement by fighting a duel. Both survived, and resigned.


1823 – Joseph Smith was alledgedly visited by the angel Moroni, who told him the location of gold plates, which Smith obtained four years later and partially translated into The Book of Mormon.


1866 – H. G. Wells born. English author, now best known for his work in the science fiction genre. He was also a prolific writer in many other genres, including contemporary novels, history, politics and social commentary, even writing textbooks and rules for war games. Together with Jules Verne and Hugo Gernsback, Wells has been referred to as “The Father of Science Fiction”. His most notable science fiction works include The War of the Worlds, The Time Machine, The Invisible Man and The Island of Doctor Moreau.


1915 – Stonehenge  sold at auction for 6600 pounds. Buyer was a C.H. Chubb.


1937 – The Hobbit by  J.R.R. Tolkien published.


1942 – U-Roy born. Jamaican musician. U-Roy’s musical career began in 1961 when he began deejaying at various sound systems,  including  a stint operating Sir Coxsone Dodd’s Number Two set.  Though  not the first microphone artist, he was the first to gain recognition through recording this style,  popularizing  and gaining  a wider audience for “toasting”; rapping over “versions” of popular songs.  Considered one of Jamaica’s first Deejay stars, he  raised the art  to new heights, not  just spitting  a few phrases here and there, he rode the riddim from the starting gate to the last furlong.  Working with Duke Reid, he created a version of the Paragons‘  “Wear You to the Ball” which became the first  toast  record to make an impact,  in 1969.



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