Almanac – September 16

1400 – A meeting of Welsh rebels at Glyndyfrdwy, Merionithshire, declared Owain Glyndwr to be the rightful Prince of Wales, sparking a 10-year rebellion gainst Henry IV.

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1498 – Tomas de Torquemada, monk and first Inquisitor-General of Spain, died.  Notorious for his zealous campaign against the crypto-Jews and crypto-Muslims of Spain, he was one of the chief supporters of the Alhambra Decree, which expelled the Jews from Spain in 1492. About 2,000 people were burned at the stake by the Spanish Inquisition between 1480 and 1530. In modern times, his name has become synonymous with the Christian Inquisition’s horror, religious bigotry, and cruel fanaticism.  In 1832, his tomb was ransacked, his bones stolen and burnt to ashes.

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1886 – Hans Arp born., German-French sculptor, painter, poet and abstract artist in other media such as torn and pasted paper, Arp was a founding member of the Dada movement in Zürich in 1916.

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1925 – B.B. King born. American songwriter, vocalist, and  blues guitarist.Rolling Stone magazine ranked him at No. 6 on its list of the 100 greatest guitarists of all time.

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1934 – Dick Heckstall-Smith born.  English jazz and blues saxophonist. He played with some of the most influential English blues rock and jazz fusion bands of the 1960s and 1970s, including Blues Incorporated, The Graham Bond Organization, John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers and Colosseum.

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1977 – Marc Bolan died. English singer-songwriter, guitarist and poet,  best known as the frontman of  T. Rex. Died in a car smash.

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