Almanac – September 13

1502 – John Leland born.  English poet and antiquary, who has been described as “the father of English local history and bibliography”. His Itinerary provided a unique source of observations and raw materials for many subsequent antiquaries, and introduced the county as the basic unit for studying the local history of England, an idea that has been influential ever since.

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1874 – Arnold Schoenberg born.  Austrian composer and painter, associated with the expressionist movement in German poetry and art, and leader of the Second Viennese School. His approach, both in terms of harmony and development, is among the major landmarks of 20th-century musical thought; at least three generations of composers in the European and American traditions have consciously extended his thinking or, in some cases, passionately reacted against it. During the rise of the Nazi Party in Austria, his music was labeled, alongside jazz, as degenerate.

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