Almanac – September 2

459 – Simeon Stylites died.   Christian ascetic saint who achieved fame for living 37 years on a small platform on top of a pillar near Aleppo in Syria. Several other stylites later followed his model (the Greek word style means pillar) and he is known formally as Saint Simeon Stylites the Elder to distinguish him from Simeon Stylites the Younger and Simeon Stylites III.

.

1666 – The Great Fire of London started. It gutted the medieval City of London inside the old Roman City Wall and threatened, but did not reach, the aristocratic district of Westminster, Charles II’s Palace of Whitehall, and most of the suburban slums. It consumed 13,200 houses, 87 parish churches, St. Paul’s Cathedral and most of the buildings of the City authorities.

It is estimated to have destroyed the homes of 70,000 of the City’s 80,000 inhabitants. The death toll is unknown but traditionally thought to have been small, as only six verified deaths were recorded. This reasoning has recently been challenged on the grounds that the deaths of poor and middle-class people were not recorded, while the heat of the fire may have cremated many victims leaving no recognisable remains.

.

.

1752 – England abandoned the Julian Calendar, by now 11 days behind the Solar year, and a bit of re-jiggling was in order. Thus the population went to sleep on September 2nd and woke up on 14th September.

.

1946 – Billy Preston born. American musician whose work included R&B, rock, soul, funk and gospel. He became known first as a session musician with  artists such  as Sam Cooke, Ray Charles and The Beatles, and was later successful as a solo artist with such hit pop singles as “Space Race”, “Will It Go Round in Circles” and “Nothing from Nothing”, and a string of albums and guest appearances with artists like Eric Clapton and Red Hot Chili Peppers.

Alongside Tony Sheridan, Billy Preston was the only other musician to be credited on a Beatles recording: the artists on the number-one hit “Get Back” are given as “The Beatles with Billy Preston”.

.

.

1973 – J. R. R. Tolkien died.  English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor, best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.

.

Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Almanac

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s