Almanac – August 31

12 – Caligula born.

1810 – Eliza Hancock, while gleaning in a field in the parish of Box, near Bath, was accused of stealing wheat from the sheaves, which she denied, and wished she might be struck dead if she had.

She was found dead in the field about two hours after.

The Stamford News, 1810


1867 – Charles Baudelaire died.  French poet who produced notable work as an essayist, art critic, and pioneering translator of Edgar Allan Poe. His most famous work, Les Fleurs du mal (The Flowers of Evil), expresses the changing nature of beauty in modern, industrializing Paris during the 19th century.

Baudelaire’s highly original style of prose-poetry influenced a whole generation of poets including Paul Verlaine, Arthur Rimbaud and Stéphane Mallarmé among many others. He is credited with coining the term “modernity” (modernité) to designate the fleeting, ephemeral experience of life in an urban metropolis, and the responsibility art has to capture that experience.


1888 – Mary Ann “Polly”  Nichols murdered. Generally considered the first victim of Jack The Ripper.

1928 – The Threepenny Opera, by Kurt Weill and Bertolt Brecht, had its premier in Berlin.



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