1485 – The Battle of Bosworth Field, which marked the end of the Wars of the Roses, the death of Richard III and the start of the Tudor dynasty.
“In one of the great fields at Warminster, in Wiltshire, in the harvest, at the very time of the Fight at Bosworth field, there was one of the Parish took two Sheaves, crying “Now for Richard, Now for Henry”: at last, lets fall the Sheaf that did represent Richard; and cried “Now for King Henry, Richard is slain”. This action did agree with the very Time, Day and Hour. When I was a Schoolboy, I have heard this confidently delivered, by some Old Men of our Country.“
John Aubrey, Miscellanies, 1695
1654 – Jacob Barsimson arrived in New Amsterdam – the first identifiable Jewish immigrant to America.
1791 – Beginning of the Haitian Slave Revolution in Saint-Domingue, which culminated in the elimination of slavery there and the founding of the Haitian republic – the only slave revolt which led to the founding of a state. The revolution was one of the two successful attempts, along with the American Revolution, to achieve permanent independence from a European colonial power for an American state before the 19th century. Furthermore, it is generally considered as a defining moment in the history of Africans in the New World.
1893 – Dorothy Parker born. American poet, short story writer, critic and satirist, best known for her wit, wisecracks, and eye for 20th century urban foibles.
1917 – John Lee Hooker born. American blues singer-songwriter and guitarist.