1778 – Bernardo O’Higgins born. Chilean independence leader who, together with José de San Martín, freed Chile from Spanish rule in the Chilean War of Independence. Although he was the second Supreme Director of Chile (1817–1823), he is considered one of Chile’s founding fathers, as he was the first holder of this title to head a fully independent Chilean state. O’Higgins was of Spanish and Irish descent.
1890 – H. P. Lovecraft born. American author of horror, fantasy and science fiction, especially the subgenre known as weird fiction. Best known for his Cthulhu Mythos story cycle and the Necronomicon, a fictional grimoire of magical rites and forbidden lore.
1920 – The first commercial radio station, 8MK (now WWJ), began operations in Detroit, Michigan.
1940 – In Mexico City, exiled Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky was attacked and fatally wounded with an ice axe by Ramon Mercader.
1942 – Isaac Hayes born.
1949 – Phil Lynott born. Irish musician who first came to prominence as a founding member, principal songwriter, lead vocalist and bassist of the Irish rock band Thin Lizzy.