1040 – Duncan I of Scotland killed by Macbeth . Unlike Shakespeare’s version of events in The Scottish Play, he was killed in action, at Bothganowan ( now Pitgaveny), near Elgin, by his own men led by Macbeth, he’d actually have been known as Donnchad mac Crínáin, and he was aged around 40.
Also, he’s supposed to be an ancestor of mine (yeah, me and about 20 million others – I’ll not be putting in a claim for the Scottish crown…)
1851 – Doc Holliday born. John Henry Holliday, American gambler, gunfighter and dentist, probably best remembered for his friendship with Wyatt Earp and his involvement in the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral.
1936 – Rainey Bethea hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky – the last public execution in the United States.
1956 – Bertolt Brecht died. German poet, playwright, and theatre director. An influential theatre practitioner of the 20th century, Brecht made equally significant contributions to dramaturgy and theatrical production, the latter particularly through the seismic impact of the tours undertaken by the Berliner Ensemble – the post-war theatre company operated by Brecht and his wife, long-time collaborator and actress Helene Weigel.
1967 – UK Marine Broadcasting Offences Act declared participation in offshore pirate radio illegal.
1988 – Robert Calvert died. South African born writer, poet, and musician. He began his career by writing poetry and in 1967 formed a Street Theatre group Street Dada Nihilismus but was best known as the lead singer, poet and frontman of Hawkwind intermittently from 1972–1979, during which time he co-wrote their hit single “Silver Machine” and directed their Space Ritual Tour.
1994 – Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, also known as “Carlos the Jackal,” captured.