762 – Baghdad founded by caliph Al-Mansur.
1751 – Although official executions for Witchcraft was supposed to have ceased in England in 1682 [1722 in Scotland], a Mrs. Osborne on this day became the last known person to be killed as a result of a witch-trial, being given the water test [float and you’re guilty, sink and you’re innocent] until she drowned – so was thus presumably innocent.
1818 – Emily Brontë born. English novelist and poet, best remembered for her solitary novel, Wuthering Heights. Although it received mixed reviews when it first came out, and was often condemned for its portrayal of amoral passion, the book subsequently became an English literary classic. She published under the pen name Ellis Bell.
1958 – Kate Bush born , English singer-songwriter who’s first hit single was – coincidence or not – Wuthering Heights.
2003 – Sam Phillips died. American businessman, record executive, record producer and DJ who played an important role in the emergence of rock and roll in the 1950s. He was a producer, label owner, and talent scout throughout the 1940s and 1950s and founded Sun Studios and Sun Records in Memphis, Tennessee. Through Sun, Phillips discovered Howlin’ Wolf, Carl Perkins, Jerry Lee Lewis , Johnny Cash and Elvis Presley.
2007 – Ingmar Bergman died. Swedish director, writer and producer for film, stage and television. described by Woody Allen as “probably the greatest film artist, all things considered, since the invention of the motion picture camera,” Bergman is recognized as one of the most accomplished and influential film directors of all time.