1848 – Battle of Ballingarry, Tipperary, Ireland – an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule was put down by police. The Young Irelander Rebellion was a failed nationalist uprising led by the Young Ireland movement, part of the wider Revolutions of 1848 that affected most of Europe. After being chased by a force of Young Irelanders and their supporters, an Irish Constabulary unit raided a house and took those inside as hostages. A several-hour gunfight followed, but the rebels fled after a large group of police reinforcements arrived.
It is sometimes called the Famine Rebellion, as it took place during the Great Irish Famine.
1885 – Theda Bara born as Theodosia Burr Goodman. American silent film actress, one of the most popular of her era – ranking behind only Charlie Chaplin and Mary Pickford – and one of cinema’s earliest sex symbols. Her femme fatale roles earned her the nickname “The Vamp”. She made more than 40 films between 1914 and 1926, but complete prints of only six still exist.
“Theda Bara” is an anagram of “Arab Death“
1890 – Vincent van Gogh died, 29 hours after he had shot himself. His reported last words were “The sadness will last forever.”
1907 – Sir Robert Baden-Powell set up the Brownsea Island Scout camp in Poole Harbour on the south coast of England, United Kingdom. The camp ran from August 1 to August 9, 1907, and is regarded as the foundation of the Scouting movement.
1921 – Adolf Hitler became leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party.