1613 – London’s Globe Theatre burned down during a performance of Shakespeare’s Henry VIII. A cannon shot employed for special effects ignited the theatre’s thatched roof (and the beams), burning the building to the ground.
1644 – Charles I of England defeats a Parliamentarian detachment at the Battle of Cropredy Bridge, the last battle won by an English King on English soil. And against English people.
1916 – Irish patriot Roger Casement found guilty of treason in a Dublin court and sentenced to death.
1967 – Actress Jayne Mansfield killed in a car crash – rumors that she was decapitated are untrue, though she did suffer severe head trauma.
1980 – Vigdis Finnbogadottir elected president of Iceland, becoming Europe’s first democratically elected female head of State.