1497 – Cornish Rebellion leaders Michael An Gof and Thomas Flamank executed at Tyburn, London, following the Cornish rebel’s defeat by by the King Henry VII’s forces at the Battle of Deptford Bridge on 17 June 1497.
1746 – Fresh from his defeat at Culloden, Bonnie Prince Charlie escaped over the sea to Skye, disguised as a maid.
1844 – Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, and his brother Hyrum Smith, were murdered by a mob at the Carthage, Illinois jail.
1859 – Mildred Hill born. She was the composer of “Happy Birthday To You”, said to be the most frequently sung song in the English language. It was originally called “Good Morning To All” and intended to brighten up morning assemblies for children [Hill was a teacher].
1905 – The famous mutiny took place aboard the Russian battleship Potemkin, in Odessa harbour, on the Black Sea. Sailors started a mutiny , denouncing the crimes of autocracy, demanding liberty and an end to war. Later the subject of a film by Sergei Eisenstein.